No book of the Bible deals with suffering with more honesty and wisdom than this book. Today we conclude with this series by looking at the final chapters in this book. Through the first 37 chapters of Job, God has been silent. Job has not heard from God. He’s heard from his so called friends. But he hasn’t heard a peep out of God. In chapter 38, God breaks his silence and speaks. What he has to say is stunning…
What God says
Job has experienced incomprehensible tragedy. He’s lost his wealth, his servants, his children, his health. He has been mourning and crying out for answers from God. God shows up and the first thing God does is not pat Job on the back and say “there, there, it will be OK.” The first thing God does is interrogate Job. This is no ordinary interrogation. This is the mother of all interrogations. In chapters 38-41, God asks Job 71 questions. 71 questions! And for none of them does God want an answer from Job. Every question is designed to make a statement.
- “Where were you when I created the universe?”
- “Do you know how many miles, feet, and inches the universe is?”
- “Have you ever told the sun when to rise and when to set?”
- “Have you ever created a thunderstorm; told the lightning where and when to strike?”
- “Have you ever arranged the constellations in the sky; told the stars where they should go and when?”
- “Do you know when the mountain goats in the Rockies, Andes, or the Himalayas give birth?”
- “Have you ever created the muscles in a horse or given to it its mane?”
- “Does a hawk fly because you told it to?”
On and on it goes one question after another. What is God doing? Is this interrogation designed to rub salt into Job’s wounds? Not at all. God is trying to comfort Job, but he’s doing it in a way we would least expect. He’s comforting Job by showing him the difference between them. He’s comforting Job by showing him how much greater and better he is than Job. “Job, if I can do all this, don’t you think I’ve got your life well in my hands?”
I wonder if Job thought he had an adequate view of God. I wonder sometimes if I have an adequate view of God. But maybe I don’t. Try this thought experiment…
How many of us get a bit irritated when someone doesn’t return a phone call? Most of us do. What if I had and gave to you Aaron Rogers personal cell phone number and you called him but he didn’t get back to you. Would you get irritated with him? Would you start cursing him under your breath? “That blasted Rogers, how dare he not return my call.” No. Why? Who are you that Aaron Rogers would take the time to personally respond to you? You wouldn’t get upset. You’d be just thrilled that you have his phone number to begin with.
So when we’re going through a difficult time and we cry out to God for answers, but don’t seem to get any, what’s our reaction to that?
“I can understand Aaron Rogers not getting back to me. He’s a superstar! He’s famous! Who am I that Aaron Rogers would return my phone call? What I can’t understand are my co-workers not getting back to me. I can’t understand my neighbors not getting back to me. I can’t understand God not getting back to me…”
In order to handle suffering well, we have to have a far more exalted view of God than we think we need. And only God can do this in us. The 71 questions God asks are questions only he can ask. Your friends can’t. Your family can’t. Only God can.
After God finishes asking Job all these questions, do you think Job is ticked off? Seething with rage? No. Look at what Job says after God’s barrage of questions:
Then Job answered the LORD:“I am unworthy—how can I reply to you? I put my hand over my mouth. I spoke once, but I have no answer—twice, but I will say no more” (Job 40:3-5).
Then Job replied to the LORD: “I know that you can do all things; no purpose of yours can be thwarted. You asked, ‘Who is this that obscures my plans without knowledge?’ Surely I spoke of things I did not understand, things too wonderful for me to know. “You said, ‘Listen now, and I will speak; I will question you, and you shall answer me.’ My ears had heard of you but now my eyes have seen you. Therefore I despise myself and repent in dust and ashes” (Job 42:1-6).
In suffering the path to peace takes us through the sovereignty, majesty, and transcendence of God. At the end of the book, Job has what you long for when you’re suffering. But it didn’t happen the way he thought it would. He got that way not because he got answers to his ‘why’ questions. Job came to rest by seeing God for who he really is. By gazing at the vast difference between them – Job found contentment in his pain.
What God doesn’t say
God omits something significant in his speech to Job. Remember back to the first week of this series. Remember God’s conversation with Satan? Job was a man who had it all: financial security, a great family, and a man God is very proud of.
Remember what Satan says about Job? “Does Job fear God for nothing?”
You see what he’s saying? Satan thinks Job praises God only when there are benefits attached to it. Satan thinks Job lives for God only because he gets something out of it. Satan thinks that if Job loses everything, he’ll abandon God. Take away all he has and he’ll bail on him. God’s contention is that Job won’t. That’s the conversation that begins the book.
God never tells Job about this conversation. It’s the reason he’s suffering, but God never mentions it. He can’t. Job never learns why he really suffered. Why? Why can’t God tell him about it?
Picture this. Job begins to suffer in chapters 1 and 2. He begins to cry out and ask ‘why’? What if God, instead of showing up at the very end, shows up in chapter 3 and says to Job: “Job, you are asking me to tell you why you are suffering. Here’s why: for thousands of years to come people are going to hear about your story. You will be talked about by millions of people. Through your suffering you are going to become one of the most famous people ever to live.”
After hearing this Job says, “Well, OK. I guess I can do it. I can tolerate the pain as long as that’s the payoff.”
What’s happened? Job is now suffering because of what’s in it for him. If knowing the reason for his suffering becomes the reason he stays faithful to God in the midst of it, Job is using God to get something from him. Job would be staying faithful to God in his suffering because of the legacy he’ll have.
The same is true of us. If God needs to give you a reason for your suffering for you to remain faithful to him in the midst of it, then you’re using him.
Satan thinks the only reason you love and worship God is because there’s something in it for you. If you need a reason from God for your suffering in order for you to remain faithful to him, Satan is right.
God doesn’t want us to find rest in the midst of our pain from an answer to our ‘why’ questions. Because that would mean we are looking for the perk, the payoff. He wants us to find rest in the midst of our pain simply based on who He is. You can trust this God, not because he gives you good reasons for your suffering, but you can trust this God because he’s unfathomably big and overwhelmingly good.
What it means for handling suffering well
What does God want us to get out of his words to Job at the end of this book? Contained within God’s words to Job are two keys to handling suffering well.
- Live life in humility
One of the effects God is trying to create is just how much bigger and better he is than Job or any of us. Combining pride with suffering is like dropping a Mentos into a bottle of Coke. It leads to an explosive reaction.
If you’re struggling with pride, when suffering comes you’ll either implode or explode. It will be a weight too heavy to carry because deep down you’ll be saying “I can’t believe this is happening to me. I don’t deserve this.” You’ll find yourself angry, bitter, and despondent. So how do you live life in humility? Look to Jesus and the gospel.
Jesus was more innocent than any of us, yet he still suffered much more than any of us have. At no point in time did Jesus say, “I don’t deserve this! I can’t believe this is happening to me. I’m Jesus. I’m God. I’m perfect. I’m holy. I haven’t done a thing to deserve this!” He could have said all of it and been perfectly justified in doing so. Why didn’t he? He walked in humility. He never claimed his rights. And he did all that for you.
Look to Christ perfect, holy, suffering to a degree you can’t possible understand; see him walking in humility through it all for you. Respond to that and walk in humility for him.
- Trust God
By showing Job the difference between them, God is also showing us He is so big and great he can be trusted. Combining distrust in God with suffering creates an equally explosive reaction.
If you’re struggling with distrust in God, if you don’t really believe God is good, when suffering comes you’ll freak out. You’ll be anxious, riddled with worry, plagued by fear. Because deep down you’re saying “I don’t know if God is really looking out for my good.” How do you learn to trust this God? Look to Christ and the gospel.
If there was ever a time when God didn’t know what he was doing it was the capture and crucifixion of his Son Jesus. Jesus was supposed to be the hero; the conqueror; the champion; the one to bring restoration to the world. What must have the disciples been thinking as they look up at him impaled to a cross his blood puddling at the foot of it? Deep down they must have been wondering what went wrong. This world is really spinning out of control. He was our only hope and now look at him. What did God bring out of human history’s greatest tragedy? A risen and exalted Christ; death defeated; sin paid for; the wrath of God satisfied; salvation made possible. If God is able to do bring superlative good out of incomprehensible tragedy, doesn’t that make him worthy of your trust through whatever hardship you’re facing?
The book of Job ends with this:
The LORD blessed the latter part of Job’s life more than the former part. He had fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, a thousand yoke of oxen and a thousand donkeys. [He was twice as wealthy as he was before]. And he also had seven sons and three daughters…Nowhere in all the land were there found women as beautiful as Job’s daughters, and their father granted them an inheritance along with their brothers. After this, Job lived a hundred and forty years; he saw his children and their children to the fourth generation (Job 42:12-16).
One of the aspects to the Scriptures I love so much is that in every passage at some point profundity and simplicity join arms. So it is here. Handling suffering well really does boil down to humility and trust.